R (Robert) Fletcher PhD
I am an environmental anthropologist with research interests in conservation, development, ecotourism, globalization, climate change, social and resistance movements, and non-state forms of governance. I use a political ecology approach to explore how culturally-specific understandings of human-nonhuman relations and political economic structures intersect to inform patterns of natural resource use and conflict. Most of my research has been conducted in Latin America (particularly Costa Rica and Chile) but I have begun to work in East Africa as well.
- Sustainable development
- Environmental governance
- Biodiversity conservation
- Climatic Change
Fletcher, R. 2014. Romancing the Wild: Cultural Dimensions of Ecotourism. New Ecologies for the Twenty-first Century series. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Büscher, B., W. Dressler & R. Fletcher, eds. 2014. NatureTM Inc.: Environmental Conservation in the Neoliberal Age. Critical Green Engagements series. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press.
Fletcher, R., ed. 2007. Beyond Resistance: The Future of Freedom. New York: Nova Science Publishers.
Refereed Journal Articles
Fletcher, R. 2016. “Connection with Nature is an Oxymoron: A Political Ecology of ‘Nature-deficit Disorder.’” The Journal of Environmental Education. DOI: 10.1080/00958964.2016.1139534. Special issue on “Political Ecology of Environmental Education.”
Büscher, B. & R. Fletcher. 2016. “Destructive Creation: Capital Accumulation and the Structural Violence of Tourism.” Journal of Sustainable Tourism, DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2016.1159214. Special issue on “Tourism and Violence.”
Fletcher, R. 2016. “Gaming Conservation: Nature 2.0 Confronts Nature-Deficit Disorder.” Geoforum, special issue on “Nature 2.0.” DOI:10.1016/j.geoforum.2016.02.009.
Fletcher, R, W. Dressler, B. Büscher and Z. Anderson. 2016. “Questioning REDD+ and the Future of Market-Based Conservation.” Conservation Biology. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12680.
Büscher, B., W. Dressler & R. Fletcher. 2015. “NatureTM Inc. Redux: Towards a Dialectic of Logics and Excess.” Environment and Planning A 47(11): 2404-2408, special symposium on NatureTM Inc.: Environmental Conservation in the Neoliberal Age.
Fletcher, R. 2015. “Blinded by the Stars? Celebrity, Fantasy, and Desire in Neoliberal Environmental Governance.” Celebrity Studies 6(4): 457-470, special issue on “Celebrity Advocacy.”
Büscher, B. & R. Fletcher. 2015. “Accumulation by Conservation.” New Political Economy 20(2): 273-298.
Fletcher, R. 2015. “Nature is a Nice Place to Save but I Wouldn’t Want to Live There: Environmental Education and the Ecotourist Gaze.” Environmental Education Research 21(3): 338-350, special issue on “Environmental Education in the Neoliberal Climate.”
Fletcher, R. 2014. “Orchestrating Consent: Post-politics and Intensification of NatureTM Inc. at the 2012 World Conservation Congress.” Conservation and Society 12(3): 329-342.
Fletcher, R., J. Breitling & V. Puleo. 2014. “Barbarian Hordes: The Overpopulation Scapegoat in International Development Discourse.” Third World Quarterly 35(7): 1195-1215, special section on “Psychoanalysis and Development.”
Fletcher, R. 2013. “How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Market: Virtualism, Disavowal and Public Secrecy in Neoliberal Environmental Conservation.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 31(5): 796-812.
Fletcher, R. 2013. “Bodies Do Matter: The Peculiar Persistence of Neoliberalism in Environmental Governance.” Human Geography 6(1): 29-45. Special issue on “Grabbing Green.”
Fletcher, R. 2012. “Using the Master’s Tools? Neoliberal Conservation and the Evasion of Inequality.” Development and Change 43(1): 295-317.
Fletcher, R. & J. Breitling. 2012. “Market Mechanism or Subsidy in Disguise? Governing Payment for Environmental Services in Costa Rica.” Geoforum 43(3): 402-411.
Fletcher, R. 2012. “Capitalizing on Chaos: Climate Change and Disaster Capitalism.” Ephemera 12(1/2): 97-112; special issue on “The Atmosphere Business.”
Fletcher, R. 2012. “The Art of Forgetting: Imperialist Amnesia and Public Secrecy.” Third World Quarterly 33(3): 447-463.
Fletcher, R. & K. Neves. 2012. “Contradictions in Tourism: The Promise and Pitfalls of Ecotourism as a Manifold Capitalist Fix.” Environment and Society: Advances in Research 3(1): 60-77. Special issue on “capitalism and the environment.”
Fletcher, R. 2011. “Sustaining Tourism, Sustaining Capitalism? The Tourism Industry’s Role in Global Capitalist Expansion.” Tourism Geographies 13(3): 443-461.
Fletcher, R. 2011. “‘The Only Risk is Wanting to Stay’: Mediating Risk in Colombian Tourism Development.” Recreation and Society in Africa, Asia and Latin America 1(2): 7-30. Special issue on “leisure, tourism, and risk.”
Fletcher, R. 2010. “Neoliberal Environmentality: Towards a Poststructuralist Political Ecology of the Conservation Debate.” Conservation and Society 8(3): 171-181.
Fletcher, R. 2010. “When Environmental Issues Collide: Climate Change and the Shifting Political Ecology of Hydroelectric Power.” Peace & Conflict Review 5(1): 14-30.
Fletcher, R. 2010. “The Emperor’s New Adventure: Public Secrecy and the Paradox of Adventure Tourism.” Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 39(1): 6-33.
Fletcher, R. 2009. “Ecotourism Discourse: Challenging the Stakeholders Theory.” Journal of Ecotourism 8(3): 269-285.
Fletcher, R. 2009. “Against Wilderness.” Green Theory & Praxis: The Journal of Ecopedagogy 5(1): 169-179.
Fletcher, R. 2008. “Living on the Edge: The Appeal of Risk Sports for the Professional Middle Class.” Sociology of Sport Journal 25(3): 310-330.
Abramson, A. & R. Fletcher. 2007. “Recreating the Vertical: Rock Climbing as Epic and Deep Eco-Play.” Anthropology Today 23(6): 3-7.
Fletcher, R. 2001. “What Are We Fighting For? Rethinking Resistance in a Pewenche Community in Chile.” The Journal of Peasant Studies 28(3): 36-67.
Fletcher, R. Forthcoming. “Carbon, Carbon Everywhere: How Climate Change is Transforming Conservation in Costa Rica.” In The Carbon Fix: Forest Carbon, Social Justice and Environmental Governance, edited by S. Paladino and S. Fiske. London: Routledge.
Fletcher, R. In Press. “Neoliberalism and Environmental Education.” In Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory, edited by M. Peters. New York: Springer.
Fletcher, R., W. Dressler & B. Büscher. 2015. “NatureTM Inc.: Nature as Neoliberal Capitalist Imaginary.” In Handbook of Political Ecology, R.L. Bryant, ed. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
Fletcher, R., B. Büscher & W. Dressler. 2014. “Introduction: NatureTM Inc.: The New Frontiers of Environmental Conservation.” In NatureTM Inc.: Environmental Conservation in the Neoliberal Age, B. Büscher, W. Dressler, and R. Fletcher, eds. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press.
Fletcher, R. 2014. “Taking the Chocolate Laxative: Why Neoliberal Conservation ‘Fails Forward.’” In NatureTM Inc.: Environmental Conservation in the Neoliberal Age, B. Büscher, W. Dressler, and R. Fletcher, eds. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press.
Dressler, W., B. Büscher & R. Fletcher. 2014. “Conclusion: The Limits of NatureTM Inc. and the Search for Vital Alternatives.” In NatureTM Inc.: Environmental Conservation in the Neoliberal Age, B. Büscher, W. Dressler, and R. Fletcher, eds. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press.
Fletcher, R. 2013. “Making ‘Peace with Nature’: Costa Rica’s Campaign for Climate Neutrality.” In Climate Change Governance in the Developing World, D. Held, C. Roger, and E. Nag, eds. London: Polity Press.
Fletcher, R. 2013. “Between the Cattle and the Deep Blue Sea: The Janus Face of the Ecotourism-Extraction Nexus in Costa Rica.” In The Ecotourism-Extraction Nexus: Political Economies and Rural Realities of (un)Comfortable Bedfellows. B. Büscher and V. Davidov, eds. London: Routledge.
Fletcher, R. 2012. “Capitalizing on Chaos: Climate Change and Disaster Capitalism.” In The Atmosphere Business, S. Böhm, A-M. Murtola, and S. Spoelstra, eds. London: Mayfly Books.
Fletcher, R. 2011. “Living on the Edge: The Appeal of Risk Sports for the Professional Middle Class.” In Social Identities and Sites of Sport; Sociology of Sport, Volume 3, R. Giulianotti, ed. Sage Library of Tourism, Hospitality & Leisure. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Fletcher, R. 2010. “Friends and Relatives: Using Incest to Make Kinship Memorable.” In Strategies in Teaching Anthropology, 6th ed., P.C. Rice, D.W. McCurdy, and S.A. Lukas, eds. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Fletcher, R. 2007. “Introduction: Beyond Resistance?” In Beyond Resistance: The Future of Freedom, R. Fletcher, ed. New York: Nova Science Publishers.
Fletcher, R. 2007. “Free Play: Transcendence as Liberation.” In Beyond Resistance: The Future of Freedom, R. Fletcher, ed. New York: Nova Science Publishers.